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ESMO 2023 | Utilizing neoadjuvant immunotherapies in patients with ER+, HER2- primary breast cancer

Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, PeterMacCallum Cancer Centre, Victoria, Australia, discusses the utilization of neoadjuvant immunotherapies for patients with estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) and HER2-negative primary breast cancer following results from the Phase III CHECKMATE-7FL (NCT04109066) trial. The trial demonstrated a significant increase in pathological complete response (pCR) rate with the addition of nivolumab to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, particularly for patients who are PD-L1+. The challenge ahead involves integrating neoadjuvant immunotherapy and possibly adjuvant CDK4 inhibitors, particularly for high-risk groups, impacting treatment, side effects, and costs. The key lies in defining the right group for optimal neoadjuvant therapy, a complex issue with implications for patient care and outcomes. The This interview took place at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2023 Congress in Madrid, Spain.

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