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BTOG 2024 | Management of malignant central airway obstruction

In addressing central airway obstruction, Ricky Thakrar, MBBs, PhD IBSc, from University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK, outlines two main treatment options. For intraluminal disease, ablative treatments like laser therapy or electrocautery are employed to physically remove or reduce tumor growth within the airway. These procedures typically utilize a rigid bronchoscope. Alternatively, for extraluminal disease where there is pressure on the airway from outside, stents are necessary. The two primary types of stents used are silicone stents and self-expanding metal stents, with the latter, made of nitinol, being more commonly deployed due to ease of deployment and the ability to perform the procedure with the patient under sedation. This interview took place at the BTOG 2024 congress in Belfast, UK.

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